24 SOCIAL HOUSING UNITS, A DAY NURSERY
PARIS 12TH ARRONDISSEMENT
Opened courtyards for everyone's use
Project: 24 social housing units and a day nursery
Program: Social housing, day nursery
Competition team: Parc architectes (Representative) — Batiserf (Structure) — B52 (Fluids) — Switch (HQE) — Pastier (Economist)
Status: Competition 2016
At the beginning of our study, the nursery was located on the first floor on the street. The interior spaces were protected from outside views by opalescent glass. The nursery was organized around small north-facing courtyards at the foot of the building and protected from falling objects by nets. This configuration seemed to us particularly unsuitable. We chose to install the children on the roof with air and light. This way, the children will enjoy the large terraces and the neighbors overlooking the roof will discover a lived-in roof. The high railings of the nursery are made with an openwork brick apparatus forming a moucharabieh. The nursery is covered with a zinc roof of low inclination.
The courtyards have been returned to the street to orient all housing on the south side. Street courtyards are devices often found in Paris, such as in the HBM or Auguste Perret's rue Franklin building. They create a sequence of entrances, a common place and a distance between the street and the housing units. The central courtyard thus gives access to the nursery and the two housing cages. The free folding of the facade allows the light to be brought deep into the plot, to manage the opposite sides and to generate biased views offering several orientations to all the housing units, through a multitude of bays of various sizes.
Since the building is not distributed by elevators, the housing units on the upper levels are not subject to PMR regulations. Freed from the standard and with generous surfaces, they are no longer designed as a regulated orthogonal assembly and can offer unconventional spaces. They offer a multitude of situations, alcoves and corner areas, such as certain old apartments that have been remodeled several times. In order to manage the vis-à-vis between neighbors, the apartments roll up on themselves. Through the courtyard, you can see into your home, giving a feeling of enlarged space.